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German Journal of Herpetology

Rakotoarison, A., M. D. Scherz, F. Glaw & M. Vences

In Issues 2017

Rediscovery of frogs belonging to the enigmatic microhylid genus Madecassophryne in the Anosy Massif, south-eastern Madagascar. pp. 507-518.

Abstract. Frogs assigned to the monotypic genus Madecassophryne (Anura, Microhylidae, Cophylinae), and possibly belonging to Madecassophryne truebae, were found in December 2016 in two low-altitude localities, Ambahavala and Kapilavato, in the Anosy Mountain in southeastern Madagascar. This poorly known genus was described in 1974 based on osteology, and neither verifiably identified photos of living specimens nor molecular information were available until now. We here update the available information on these enigmatic frogs and provide new data on morphology, osteology, bioacoustics and observations on their habitat, together with a preliminary molecular phylogenetic study, suggesting that Madecassophryne is highly divergent from other members of the cophyline clade.

Key words. Amphibia, Anura, Microhylidae, Cophylinae, Madecassophryne truebae, morphology, molecular genetics, 12S rRNA, 16S rRNA, Rag-1, evolutionary relationships.

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